Skip to main navigation Skip to main content

Climate and Ozone Protection Alliance for ODS and HFC Banks Management (COPA)

Photo by Mikhail P. on Shutterstock

Background and Objective

With developing countries’ growing demand for refrigeration and air conditioning, inventories of appliances, foams and products containing halogenated hydrocarbons (HFCs)[1] also increase apace. This results in a rise in the number of older refrigeration appliances which are not disposed of in an environmentally sound way. Unless these appliances are properly stored and disposed of, the climate and ozone-damaging substances they contain leak into the atmosphere unabated. Each year, approximately 1.5 Gt CO2-eq are released from improperly managed or disposed refrigerants. [2]. This is equivalent to the annual carbon emissions from 441 coal-fired power plants. Consequently, correct disposal of old refrigerators and air conditioning units harbors vast emission reduction potential.

The COPA project, implemented by GIZ, aims to position this topic in the international arena as a cost-efficient and effective measure – both for use in achieving nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and in developing concrete emission reduction activities. By joining forces with additional implementing partners as well as financial donors, the Alliance aims to contribute towards substantial emission reductions in the longer term. 

[1]Halogenated hydrocarbons are mainly CFCs and their derivatives (HCFCs, HFCs), which are mostly harmful to both ozone and the climate due to their chlorine and fluorine elements; [2] UNEP, TEAP, 2009, Environmentally sound management of banks of ozone-depleting substances, p. 17



In a first step, COPA relies on cooperation with metropolitan regions in its partner countries China, Ghana, Mexico and Tunisia. Further member countries are to be added over time. The metropolitan regions and member countries earmarked to receive advice under the auspices of the Alliance are analyzed and characterized as part of an ongoing process.

Project activities include on the one hand expanding the Alliance by means of network creation and political positioning, and on the other hand conducting market studies (ODS /HFC Bank Inventories) and developing models for pilot-based implementation of emission reduction activities in selected metropolitan regions in the partner countries. The Alliance now has almost 50 members. These are 11 countries - represented by National Ozone Units - as well as representatives of the public and private sectors, academia, civil society, and financial institutions.

Milestones and Outlook

In a first step, focus is placed on expanding the Alliance and developing emission reduction activities in the four partner countries: China, Ghana, Mexico, and Tunisia. In the long term, the Alliance will contribute to substantial reduction of emissions from legacy HFCs by providing technical advice to improve prevailing conditions, foster capacity building and promote technology cooperation and transfer. It will also facilitate access to finance for the development of appropriate reclamation and destruction infrastructure.

The following measures and activities are planned for the further project period:

  • Active exchange and cooperation among COPA members
  • Design and preparation of mitigation measures
  • Positioning the need for ODS and HFC bank management and the alliance at international events
  • Provision of technical support to members and assistance in accessing financial resources



  • First plenary meeting in June 2023
  • Presentation by COPA at Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol 34, Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 27 and Open Ended Working Group 45 to the Montreal Protocol
  • COPA Training in The Gambia in October 2023
  • COPA Study Trip to the EU 2023 in November 2023
  • COPA Webinar Series on different facets of ODS and HFC-banks
    management, including policy, technology and finance in November
    2023 and January 2024
  • Presentation by COPA at Side Event at COP28
  • COPA Virtual Study Tour 2024 to Chile, Ecuador, and China

Check out COPA's Events: Events (


New publications

Climate and Ozone Protection Alliance for ODS and HFC Banks Management (COPA)

Role of BMWK: BMWK-financed

Project period: 2021 – 2024

Implementation: Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Other Organisations Involved: Ministries, refrigeration sector, operators of ODS/HFC destruction facilities, UNIDO, UNDP

Further Information:  Climate and Ozone Protection Alliance - COPA (

Contact: Ellen Michel,

Cookie Settings

Marketing-Cookies werden von Drittanbietern oder Publishern verwendet, um personalisierte Werbung anzuzeigen. Sie tun dies, indem sie Besucher über Websites hinweg verfolgen.


Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und nukleare Sicherheit (BMU)


Statistik-Cookies dienen der Analyse und helfen uns dabei zu verstehen, wie Besucher mit unserer Website interagieren, indem Informationen anonymisiert gesammelt werden. Auf Basis dieser Informationen können wir unsere Website für Sie weiter verbessern und optimieren.


Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und nukleare Sicherheit (BMU)


Erforderliche Cookies sind für den reibungslosen Betrieb der Website zuständig, indem sie Kernfunktionalitäten ermöglichen, ohne die unsere Website nicht richtig funktioniert. Diese Cookies können nur über Ihre Browser-Einstellungen deaktiviert werden.


Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und nukleare Sicherheit (BMU)