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Research

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The Joint Implementation Coordination Unit (JIKO) within the German Environment Ministry coordinates diverse activities in the context of the two project-based mechanisms, CDM and JI. BMU has contracted the Wuppertal Institute to support JIKO with scientific expertise. The JIKO project team prepares scientific JIKO Policy Papers and shorter JIKO Policy Briefs, analysing individual aspects of the flexible mechanisms, from the evaluation of particular technologies and project types and their applicability in the CDM to the future of flexible mechanisms in an international climate regime beyond the Kyoto Protocol.

Additional to these Papers, relevant research from other sources will be highlighted here occasionally.

Article 6.2 and the Transparency Framework

July 2019 - To the surprise of many, Parties in Katowice were able to agree on the “Katowice Climate Package”, a set of decisions that operationalizes the Paris Agreement by laying out clear provisions on how to implement its various components. A rulebook for voluntary cooperation under Article 6, by contrast, was beyond reach in Katowice. Against this backdrop, a new JIKO Policy Paper asks whether the Katowice outcome and its Transparency Framework could be used as a ‘backstop‘ for cooperative approaches under Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement. more

Operationalizing the "Share of Proceeds" for Article 6

June 2019 - The Share of Proceeds (SOP) is one of the contentious issues in the ongoing negotiations on Article 6. A new policy-oriented study now published by Perspectives and Climate Focus seeks to enhance the base of evidence for these discussions in order to contribute to the elaboration of the rulebook for carbon market instruments under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. more

Towards an Article 6 rulebook adoption

June 2019 - At the climate conference in Katowice, Parties were unable to agree on a rulebook for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. For this year's climate Conference of the Parties in Chile, the goal is set to adopt this part of the rulebook of the Paris Agreement. Therefore, the German Environment Agency has now published four preliminary discussion papers in which the central aspects of the credit mechanism under Article 6.4.are examined in more detail. more

Analysis of carbon pricing options in Senegal

April 2019 - A recently published research study evaluates various options for the
introduction of domestic carbon pricing instruments in Senegal. The authors find a carbon tax with careful redistribution of revenues as the most promising carbon pricing opportunity for Senegal. more

New study on carbon pricing in the shipping sector

April 2019 - A new study explores different options for a market-based measure for international shipping by comparing an offsetting scheme, an emissions trading scheme, and a climate levy. Based on the assessment of the three options the authors conclude that a climate levy would be the most appropriate measure to steer the shipping sector towards decarbonisation at comparatively low transaction costs. more

Governing Paris Art. 6.4

December 2018 - The new mechanism under Article 6.4 of the Paris Agreement is to be supervised by a body designated by the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA). However, so far there is no clarity what role exactly the supervisory body (Body) is to play. Against this background, a new JIKO Policy Paper analyses different governance options for Art. 6.4. more

Article 6 and the Global Stocktake

November 2018 - The Global Stocktake and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement are both supposed to support the raising of ambition of global climate action. Yet, thus far the two elements of the Paris Agreement have been discussed mostly in relative iso-lation from each other. A new JIKO Policy Paper aims to change this. more

Current JIKO Policy Paper on Policy-based Cooperation under Article 6

October 2018 - The regulatory framework for cooperative mitigation activities under the Paris Agreement’s Article 6 is currently being negotiated under the UNFCCC. Parties are discussing various building blocks of a possible rulebook for Article 6. One item under discussion is contributions to sustainable development. In this context, safeguards preventing potential harm that mitigation activities may cause on the ground to local stakeholders and the environment could constitute a minimal standard that project activities would have to fulfil. A new JIKO Policy Paper analyses and makes recommendations on what such a minimal standard for Article 6 could look like. more

New JIKO Policy Paper on do no harm-Options for Article 6

July 2018 - The regulatory framework for cooperative mitigation activities under the Paris Agreement’s Article 6 is currently being negotiated under the UNFCCC. Parties are discussing various building blocks of a possible rulebook for Article 6. One item under discussion is contributions to sustainable development. In this context, safeguards preventing potential harm that mitigation activities may cause on the ground to local stakeholders and the environment could constitute a minimal standard that project activities would have to fulfil. A new JIKO Policy Paper analyses and makes recommendations on what such a minimal standard for Article 6 could look like. more

Principles of the Art. 6 Mechanisms

March 2018 - As a contribution to the international debate, Atlas Environmental Law Advisory and adelphi developed draft legal language on selected key elements of Article 6 that should be reflected in the Paris Agreement rulebook, namely the notions of sustainable development, environmental integrity, and additionality. The result is a proposal on “Principles of the mechanisms pursuant to Article 6.2 and 6.4 of the Paris Agreement”, which is available for download now. more