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The Joint Implementation Coordination Unit (JIKO) within the German Environment Ministry coordinates diverse activities in the context of the two project-based mechanisms, CDM and JI. BMU has contracted the Wuppertal Institute to support JIKO with scientific expertise. The JIKO project team prepares scientific JIKO Policy Papers and shorter JIKO Policy Briefs, analysing individual aspects of the flexible mechanisms, from the evaluation of particular technologies and project types and their applicability in the CDM to the future of flexible mechanisms in an international climate regime beyond the Kyoto Protocol.

Additional to these Papers, relevant research from other sources will be highlighted here occasionally.

New JIKO Policy Paper on do no harm-Options for Article 6

The regulatory framework for cooperative mitigation activities under the Paris Agreement’s Article 6 is currently being negotiated under the UNFCCC. Parties are discussing various building blocks of a possible rulebook for Article 6. One item under discussion is contributions to sustainable development. In this context, safeguards preventing potential harm that mitigation activities may cause on the ground to local stakeholders and the environment could constitute a minimal standard that project activities would have to fulfil. A new JIKO Policy Paper analyses and makes recommendations on what such a minimal standard for Article 6 could look like. more

Principles of the Art. 6 Mechanisms

March 2018 - As a contribution to the international debate, Atlas Environmental Law Advisory and adelphi developed draft legal language on selected key elements of Article 6 that should be reflected in the Paris Agreement rulebook, namely the notions of sustainable development, environmental integrity, and additionality. The result is a proposal on “Principles of the mechanisms pursuant to Article 6.2 and 6.4 of the Paris Agreement”, which is available for download now. more

Raising Ambition through Cooperation

May 2018 - In order to achieve the climate change mitigation targets agreed in Paris, Parties must urgently raise their ambition. Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, which allows Parties to cooperate in implementing their nationally determined contributions, is to contribute to this objective. Against this backdrop, three papers have recently been published that explore the interaction between ambition raising and Article 6 from different perspectives highlighting opportunities as well as challenges. more

Stronghold for Environmental Integrity?

January 2018 - Additionality is a key criterion that is crucial for safeguarding the environmental integrity of the Paris Agreement, especially in the context of the cooperative approaches under the agreement’s Article 6. A new JIKO Policy Paper reviews the concept of additionality in the context of the Paris Agreement. more

An Update on Submissions on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

October 2017 - Article 6 of the Paris Agreement established three approaches for countries to cooperate with each other: cooperative approaches under Art. 6.2, a new mechanism to promote mitigation and sustainable development under Art. 6.4, and a framework for non-market approaches under Art. 6.8. Detailed rules for these three approaches are currently being negotiated. more

Steps Towards Carbon Neutrality

October 2017 - A new JIKO Policy Brief examines the CO2 neutrality commitments of Costa Rica, Norway, Sweden and the City of Melbourne in Australia and Microsoft. All the case studies analyzed have set ambitious neutrality targets and implemented measures to achieve them. However, CO2 neutrality is not achieved entirely by our own efforts, at least not in the short term. The remaining emissions are offset by emission certificates from national compensation systems (Costa Rica) or by international certificates. more

Analysis of Art. 6 submissions

May 2017 - A new JIKO Policy Paper analyses submissions by UNFCCC Parties in March 2017 on suggestions for the Art. 6 rulebook. The paper concludes that compared to the 2016 round of submissions, some conceptual advances can be noted. However, a number of issues continue to be controversial with little indication of a convergence of views. more

Sustainable development benefits under Article 6

April 2017 - A new research report explores possibilities for enhancing the role of sustainable development benefits in the context of activities supported by future market mechanisms under the UNFCCC. The report evaluates the positions of relevant players, identifies barriers for the integration of SD-benefits and develops recommendations for possible solutions. more

What Future for Voluntary Carbon Markets?

January 2017 - More and more individuals and corporations have a desire to offset some of their carbon footprint. To satisfy this demand, a host of voluntary carbon standards have emerged. Originally, these standards operated within the international legal environment of the Kyoto Protocol with legally binding emission reduction obligations for industrialized countries and no such obligations for developing countries. The adoption of the Paris Agreement fundamentally changed the international legal architecture. more

Shaping the Paris Mechanisms

November 2016 - Article 6 of the Paris Agreement established three approaches for countries to cooperate with each other: a new mechanism to promote mitigation and sustainable development, cooperative approaches, and a framework for non-market approaches. The latter two approaches have so far not been clearly defined conceptually. The latest JIKO Policy Paper summarizes the views by Parties and observes that were submitted at the end of September and reveals some sharp differences in opinions on how Art. 6 should work. more