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International

Three speakers at a conference

Historically, the flexible mechanisms were defined and developed at the international level, under the auspices of the UNFCCC. Currently, more and more carbon markets are being developed unilaterally by some countries or in collaboration with other countries, but outside of the UN framework.

The Continuity Question for the Clean Development Mechanism

August 2019 - Over the past 15 years, the Clean Development Mechanism has innovated and transformed global climate change cooperation in more than 140 countries. What is more, the CDM has become a blueprint and benchmark for implementing emission reduction schemes worldwide. What happens to the CDM in the future matters for these schemes – several systems allow CERs for compliance, or are mirrored on the mechanism. A new study therefore analyses the legal context of the CDM post 2020. more

Ensuring additionality of Article 6 activities

August 2019 - Under the current international climate policy regime, market mechanisms are to play a key role in helping countries to achieve their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and to support an increase of mitigation ambition over time. In this context, the principle of additionality is crucial as it requires that emission credits are only granted for mitigation activities that are not undertaken in a business-as-usual (BAU) situation. A new study commissioned by the Federal Environment Ministry (BMU) analyses ways to solve the additionality problem in the context of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. more

What carbon pricing can look like

August 2019 - Carbon pricing is increasingly used internationally as a key tool for climate protection. However, there are also examples of public resistance against the introduction of this instrument. In the new study "Tipping the Balance", commissioned by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), six case studies were used to examine what successful policymaking and communication of carbon pricing can look like. more

Article 6.2 and the Transparency Framework

July 2019 - To the surprise of many, Parties in Katowice were able to agree on the “Katowice Climate Package”, a set of decisions that operationalizes the Paris Agreement by laying out clear provisions on how to implement its various components. A rulebook for voluntary cooperation under Article 6, by contrast, was beyond reach in Katowice. Against this backdrop, a new JIKO Policy Paper asks whether the Katowice outcome and its Transparency Framework could be used as a ‘backstop‘ for cooperative approaches under Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement. more

Market mechanisms to reduce transport emissions in China

June 2019 - With more than one million e-vehicles sold in 2018, China is now the world’s e-mobility leader. To further promote the transition to so-called new energy vehicles (NEVs), the Chinese government introduced an accreditation system in April last year. As part of that new dual credit system, domestic and foreign vehicle manufacturers are evaluated annually for the average fuel consumption of their generic vehicles and the number of NEV credits received. The credits can be freely traded via a dedicated online platform. In response to the debate on whether to integrate the platform into China’s emissions trading scheme, the AHK Greater China Beijing hosted a network meeting attended by business representatives and sectoral experts. more

Discussing Cooperative Climate Action

Reports from BMU Side Events at COP 24. More