With annual emissions of around 4.1 tonnes CO2-equivalent per capita, Tunisia’s greenhouse gas emissions are still below the global average. Nonetheless, the country’s emissions have risen steadily in recent decades, largely due to greater demand for energy to provide cooling and air conditioning, and also for industrial processes and transport. Having recognised the situation, the Tunisian government has become an active promoter of measures to mitigate climate change. To date, Tunisia has not had the technical and administrative resources needed to manage its greenhouse gas emissions itself or to participate in international processes overseen by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). States wanting to benefit from international support must have an MRV system in place to ensure reliable measurement (measuring/monitoring), reporting and verification of their greenhouse gases. Against this backdrop, GIZ in collaboration with BMU developed both a robust greenhouse gas inventory tool for use in reporting as prescribed by the UNFCCC and an MRV system for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) in the energy sector.
The following steps led to the successful creation of a greenhouse gas inventory tool and an MRV system to support Tunisia’s climate action efforts:
Managers at the ministries and authorities responsible for the energy, industry, agriculture and waste management sectors were sensitised to the new challenges faced, and the institutional structures needed to accommodate a sustainable inventory system were put in place. Staff at various authorities attended training courses and informational events on the topics of energy balance calculation, MRV of mitigation measures and conducting greenhouse gas inventories, giving them the fundamental skills needed to sustainably manage greenhouse gas emissions. The existing database and information system were evaluated and a detailed action plan was developed with the aim of improving both. Tunisia now participates in an international project to develop pilot MRV systems and in this way contributes to the development of international guidelines on MRV of mitigation measures.
Capacity-building for greenhouse gas inventories and MRV in Tunisia
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Ministère de l’Industrie, de I’Energie et des Mines Agence Nationale de la Maîtrise de I’Energie (ANME), Ministére de I’Equipement, de I’Anénagement du Territoire et du Développement Durable