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Past Research and Dialogue Initiatives

Build on experience, shape the transition: From the CDM to new market mechanisms

How can the current project-based approach used with the CDM be expanded to create a sectoral mechanism? These and other questions are the focus of three research projects conducted by Perspectives GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the Federal Environmental Agency (UBA). more

Standardised Baselines: Opportunities and usability for developing countries

With the initiation of the project on Standardised Baselines and Their Implications for a National Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) System in Least Developed Countries (LDCs), UBA wants to support the further development of the regulatory framework for standardised baselines and their use and benefits for LDCs. The work involved will be conducted by a consortium comprising the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, and the GFA Consulting Group. more

Options for continuing GHG abatement from CDM and JI industrial gas projects

As opposed to many other types of CDM projects, reducing industrial gas emissions involves ongoing costs. Also, the reduction activity generates no revenue other than that from the sale of emission certificates. If this revenue falls away due to the collapse of the carbon market, the reduction activities could be stopped and the ensuing damage to the climate would be huge. BMU thus finances a project, which focuses on the question: Industrial gas projects under the CDM and JI: A future despite the crisis? more

Analysing the status quo of CDM projects

Not all projects initiated under the CDM survive through to registration. Some fail in the early stages, while others are unable to meet the financial, political or regulatory demands due to a lack of start-up funding or government backing from the host country, or because of the quirks of a complex CDM instrument which has often been subject to change. Thus, the aim of this research project is to assess what happens to CDM projects that have either failed to enter the CDM process or have left it when their life-cycle expired. more

Enhancing Greenhouse Gas Management in Tunisia

With annual per-capita emissions of about 4.1 tCO2e, Tunisia’s GHG emissions are still below the global average. Two pivotal elements of the Tunisian climate change activities are the development of a national climate strategy and the National Plan for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (Tunisian Solar Plan), but the current lack of technical and institutional capacity for greenhouse gas monitoring and MRV is obstructing successful implementation of these activities. In the light of these challenges, GIZ, with the support of BMU, is developing a robust greenhouse gas inventory for reporting under the UNFCCC as well as an MRV system for the NAMAs in the energy sector. more

Linking Carbon Markets through the CDM and Other Offsetting Mechanisms

The global carbon market has increasingly fragmented over the past few years as various jurisdictions have opted to develop new alternative mechanisms, departing from the erstwhile standard of the Clean Development Mechanisms. The design of new offset systems can be construed as a reaction to the perceived failings of the CDM. The research and dialogue project, Linking Carbon Markets through the CDM and Other Offsetting Mechanisms, sought to analyse the prominent examples for climate policy frameworks in Australia, California, Japan and South Korea, with a focus on their offset policies. more

Re. Ecological Integrity

Many CDM projects are criticised in terms of sustainability and environmental integrity. Social acceptability is frequently questioned. However, the people directly affected by projects in the host countries often lack the ability to influence how projects are implemented and have no voice in the international debate. CDM Watch was set up with financial support from BMU as a watchdog organisation specifically focusing on the side-effects of the CDM. more