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BMWK Activities

The Paris Agreement provides a much-needed long-term perspective for the global carbon market. Nonetheless, some of the rules for using the new mechanisms have yet to be finalised and practical experience in their application has still to be gained.

The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) is thus working to push these developments and to ensure that progress is made in the international climate negotiations. BMWK also promotes the further development and design of the mechanisms by commissioning corresponding research and also invests in practical testing of innovative approaches in the form of pilot projects.

This covers, inter alia, work on design options for Art. 6.4 in general, on upscaled crediting under Article 6, or ensuring a robust and environmentally sound CORSIA Offsetting Mechanism for use in International Aviation. As regards Carbon Market innovations, BMWK supports the linkage of market mechanisms and climate finance, especially in Africa, which has been underrepresented in the global Carbon Market so far.

Further activities in this field comprise auctioning approaches to ensure continuation of mitigation activities, support for driving the transformation of the nitric acid sector, or piloting transformative carbon finance. Initiatives to promote carbon pricing through capacity development and information exchange round off BMWK’s portfolio of Carbon Market-related activities.

In this section, the broad portfolio of different BMWK activities is presented.

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Results: 51
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Implementation and Further Development of Mechanisms of the Carbon Market by the "Coordinating Committee on Market Mechanisms and Art. 6"

Background and Objective

With the adoption of the Paris Agreement and the market mechanisms enshrined in Article 6, the international community faces…

Role of BMWK: BMWK-financed

Lifecycle: 2021 – 2024

Implementation: Wuppertal Institute for Climate Environment and Energy

More Information:


International Market-Based Approaches for Raising Climate Ambition

In this project, the project team is investigating the conditions under which Germany can make targeted use of cooperative approaches. In addition, a…

Role of BMWK: Research funding

Lifecycle: 2021-2023

Implementation: Wuppertal Institute for Climate Environment and Energy 

Other Participants: GFA Consulting Group GmbH

Urban market approaches under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement – Recommendations for practical implementation

The project focuses on conceptualising an innovative framework for potential urban Article 6 projects in two African cities: Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)…

Role of the BMWK: Research funding

Lifecycle: April 2021 – April 2022

Implementation: Perspectives Climate Group and ICLEI

Contact: Sonja Butzengeiger,

Climate and Ozone Protection Alliance for ODS and HFC Banks Management (COPA)

GIZ’s COPA project aims to position the correct disposal of old refrigerators and air conditioning units in the international arena as a…

Role of BMWK: BMWK-financed

Lifecycle: 2021 – 2024

Implementation: Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Other Participants: Ministerien, Kälteindustrie, Betreiber von ODS / HFKW-Zerstörungsanlagen, UNIDO, UNDP

More Information: Website im Aufbau

Contact: Philipp Munzinger, Projektleiter,

Incentives to promote paludiculture in implementing Germany’s 2030 and 2050 climate goals

The Institute of Sustainable Development of Landscapes of the Earth (DUENE) is conducting a research project to identify incentives to promote…

Role of BMWK: Research funding

Lifecycle: 2019-2021

Implementation: Institute of Sustainable Development of Landscapes of the Earth (DUENE)


Contact: Dr. Friederike Erxleben,

Sustainable Development Initiative (SDI)

Promoting sustainable development (SD) is as an overarching objective of voluntary cooperation under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. At the same…

Role of BMWK: Research funding

Lifecycle: since 2017

Implementation: UNEP DTU Partnership

Other Participants: Gold Standard Foundation

Contact: Karen Holm Olsen,

Partnership for Market Implementation

The World Bank activity promotes the establishment of a global carbon market and supports proactive countries in preparing and implementing innovative…

Role of BMWK: Co-financed by BMWK

Lifecycle: since 2021

Implementation: World Bank

Further Information:

Strengthening the transformative effect of market approaches under the Paris Agreement

The project ‘Transformation & Article 6: Strengthening the transformative effect of market approaches under the Paris Agreement’ commissioned by UBA…

Strengthening the transformative effect of market approaches under the Paris Agreement 

Role of BMWK: Research funding

Lifecycle: 2020-2021

Implementation: UNEP DTU Partnership, Perspectives Climate Research gGmbH and First Climate


Contact: Anne Götzinger,

Potential for result-based payments in the forestry sector

In this project researchers examine current REDD+ financing models and discuss their relevance in the potential use of REDD+ carbon credits under the…

Role of BMWK: Research funding

Project lifecycle: 2020-2021

Implementation: Öko-Institut

Other participants: CIFOR


Contact: Hannes Böttcher,

LULUCF as a market mechanisms sector under Article 6

To investigate the potential inclusion of LULUCF under Article 6, the project team is analysing various regimes and policy instruments at a range of…

Role of BMWK: Research funding
Project lifecycle: 2019-2021

Implementation: Öko-Institut

Contact: Hannes Böttcher,

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