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Research and Dialogue

AHK Greater Beijing Networking Meeting on China’s new Environmental Protection Tax

July 2017 - China’s Central Government has passed a new environmental protection law, which is entering into force on 1 January 2018. Against this background, on 30 June 2017, the AHK Greater Beijing, on behalf of BMUB invited company representatives and experts to a networking meeting. Two speakers presented an overview of the background, shape as well as framework conditions of the new environmental protection law and gave their recommendations to the participants. The full workshop report is now available for download. more

Chinese networking meeting on implementing the Paris Agreement

On behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the AHK Greater Beijing organised a networking meeting on 27 April to discuss implementation of the Paris Agreement. Against this backdrop, two experts gave talks on China’s NDC targets, the role of market mechanisms in meeting them and the specifics of the transport sector target contained in the NDC. more

Networking meeting on the current status of China’s planned national ETS

For the past three years now, the Chinese government has been gaining experience with seven pilot projects prior to launching its national Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) which is scheduled for autumn this year. For this occasion, business representatives and environmental experts were invited to a networking meeting to discuss both the structure of and the progress made with the Chinese ETS given the challenges faced and the advancements achieved in the seven regional pilot schemes. more

Network meeting discusses mitigation potentials in China’s building sector

As the world’s largest producer of steel and cement, China faces the important task of further reducing the energy consumption and emissions of these traditional industries, while at the same time lowering existing overcapacity. Against this backdrop business representatives and experts were invited to a network meeting held on emissions and developments within the Chinese building sector with special focus on the steel and cement industry. more

Non-State actors dialogue forum calls for practice-oriented mechanisms under Paris Article 6

Tackling climate change is a shared responsibility – not least for cities, for the private sector, and for public and private organisations. Many of these ‘non-State’ actors ex-changed ideas and experience in a series of dialogue workshops held in June and July on how to implement Article 6. The synthesis report from those workshops is now online. more

Chinese Network Meeting Discusses MRV of Emissions in National ETS

The Chinese government has announced the introduction of a country-wide emissions trading scheme (ETS) for 2017 in which a wide range of businesses will be required to monitor, report and verify (MRV) their greenhouse gas emissions. The companies involved thus need to familiarise themselves with the requirements of the new scheme. Against this backdrop, at a dialogue event hosted by the AHK Greater China Beijing, experts discussed the challenges arising from the upcoming Chinese ETS. more

Climate Change Mitigation Meets Air Transportation: Aviation Integrated into Chinese Emissions Trading Scheme

On behalf of the Federal German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), AHK Greater China Beijing organized a network meeting on integration of the aviation sector into the Chinese ETS. more

China forges ahead with national emissions trading scheme

Since 2013, the Chinese government has conducted a range of pilot projects to assess the challenges involved in establishing a national emissions trading scheme (ETS). Their findings were discussed by business representatives and project experts at a recent network meeting hosted by the German Chamber of Commerce (AHK) Greater China Beijing. more

Policy Dialogue with African Negotiators on Market Mechanisms in the Paris Agreement

African and European negotiators have voiced their support for the use of carbon markets or “market-based approaches”. In this, the focus of African negotiators has been on the continued use of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) or a CDM-like mechanism in the post 2020 period to support African countries in their low carbon development efforts. Two workshops brought together African country negotiators and representatives from the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) at the sidelines of the ADP 2-10 and 2-11. more

Build on experience, shape the transition: From the CDM to new market mechanisms

How can the current project-based approach used with the CDM be expanded to create a sectoral mechanism? These and other questions are the focus of three research projects conducted by Perspectives GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the Federal Environmental Agency (UBA). more

Standardised Baselines: Opportunities and usability for developing countries

With the initiation of the project on Standardised Baselines and Their Implications for a National Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) System in Least Developed Countries (LDCs), UBA wants to support the further development of the regulatory framework for standardised baselines and their use and benefits for LDCs. The work involved will be conducted by a consortium comprising the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, and the GFA Consulting Group. more

Industrial gas projects under the CDM and JI: A future despite the crisis?

As opposed to many other types of CDM projects, reducing industrial gas emissions involves ongoing costs. Also, the reduction activity generates no revenue other than that from the sale of emission certificates. If this revenue falls away due to the collapse of the carbon market, the reduction activities could be stopped and the ensuing damage to the climate would be huge. BMUB thus finances a project, which focuses on the question: Industrial gas projects under the CDM and JI: A future despite the crisis? more

Continuation or Collapse: CDM projects and their fate should the carbon market fail

Not all projects initiated under the CDM survive through to registration. Some fail in the early stages, while others are unable to meet the financial, political or regulatory demands due to a lack of start-up funding or government backing from the host country, or because of the quirks of a complex CDM instrument which has often been subject to change. Thus, the aim of this research project is to assess what happens to CDM projects that have either failed to enter the CDM process or have left it when their life-cycle expired. more

Capacity Building for Emissions Trading to Support Bilateral Cooperation

The creation of a global carbon market has been a long-term goal of the German government for several years. Currently, a number of regional emissions trading systems are in place, the first and largest of them being the European Union Emissions Trading scheme. A number of sub-national ETSs have been already implemented. More recently, a number of emerging economies have announced their willingness to prepare ETSs. A consortium including adelphi, DIWecon, FutureCamp, Öko-Institut and TÜV Süd (until 2013), together with key institutions in Germany such as the German Emissions Trading Authority, developed three different formats for interested countries to help in the development of an ETS. more

Linking Carbon Markets through the CDM and Other Offsetting Mechanisms

The global carbon market has increasingly fragmented over the past few years as various jurisdictions have opted to develop new alternative mechanisms, departing from the erstwhile standard of the Clean Development Mechanisms. The design of new offset systems can be construed as a reaction to the perceived failings of the CDM. The research and dialogue project, Linking Carbon Markets through the CDM and Other Offsetting Mechanisms, sought to analyse the prominent examples for climate policy frameworks in Australia, California, Japan and South Korea, with a focus on their offset policies. more

Advancing the Development of the Programmatic CDM

PoA Working Group was established in November 2011 with support from BMUB and focuses on the scientific, regulatory and policy side of PoAs. It provides a platform for dialogue to allow for the exchange of experience and the coordination of support for PoAs, and it acts as a change agent to reform the rules of the PoA framework and to strengthen the PoA as an instrument. more

Re. Ecological Integrity

Many CDM projects are criticised in terms of sustainability and environmental integrity. Social acceptability is frequently questioned. However, the people directly affected by projects in the host countries often lack the ability to influence how projects are implemented and have no voice in the international debate. CDM Watch was set up with financial support from BMUB as a watchdog organisation specifically focusing on the side-effects of the CDM. more